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Greg Marinovich - The Dead Zone, 1990 - 1999

Greg Marinovich (1962-)
The Dead Zone (1990 - 1999)

A portfolio of 41 colour photographs

The Dead Zone portfolio, compiled in association with Strauss & Co’s founding director Stephan Welz, offers a wide-ranging visual history of the internecine conflicts and violent strife that engulfed large parts of South Africa in the 1990s, showing the transition from apartheid to democracy.

Following the unbanning of 33 political parties and release of political prisoners in 1990, in the protracted lead-up to non-racial elections in 1994, South Africa teetered on the brink. The topography of war in this portfolio includes a cramped Thokoza hostel, a rain-soaked street in Duduza west of Nigel, a Bantustan capital in the Eastern Cape, a rural valley north of Durban, and Shell House in Jeppe Street, Johannesburg. In a 1994 article for Leadership magazine, Marinovich collectively described these places as the “dead zone”.

By his reckoning, Marinovich covered a dozen massacres during the 1990s, being an event marked by the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of many people. Marinovich later discovered a Truth and Reconciliation Commission report that spoke of 122 massacres in the Pretoria, Greater Johannesburg and Vaal Triangle area between 1990 and 1992 alone. “There is so much that wasn’t covered,” he says. While Thokoza, a working-class settlement southeast of Johannesburg, may well be a “forgotten battlefield from a forgotten conflict” – as Marinovich proposes in a caption – his photographs offer unflinching witness to the painful becoming of a nation. They are a reminder of what was sacrificed by ordinary people to achieve liberation.

This work extended into our current time, with Marinovich’s investigative coverage of the Marikana Massacre and the subsequent book, Murder at Small Koppie that won the Alan Paton Award for non-fiction in 2017.

The portfolio was donated to the Constitutional Court Trust by the Dippenaar Family Trust in 2018.

To read and see more of The Dead Zone click here.

Somersault (1993)
Photograph / 700 x 560 mm
CCAC #0507

African National Congress and Communist Party supporters scatter as police fire teargas and live rounds outside the Soweto soccer stadium where the funeral of ANC and CP leader Chris Hani was attended by hundreds of thousands of mourners on 19 April.

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Khalanyoni Hostel (1990)
Photograph / 700 x 560 mm
CCAC #0496

African National Congress supporters push over a breeze-bkock wall, part of Khalanyoni hostel at the southern end of Khumalo Street. Khalanyoni hostel was overrun early in the war by ANC fighters, most of whom were Xhosa tribesmen from adjacent Phola Park shantytown. These warriors were called 'blanket men' by the police as they wore their blankets to fight, hiding sticks, spears and guns under the heavy wool folds. They dismantle the buildings, brick by multi-coloured brick, and used them to rebuild their shacks that were destroyed in the fighting. From day to day , the shantytown transformed itself from a maze of drab corrugated iron into a bizarrely colourful place. The surviving Zulu hostel-dwellers from Khalanyoni hostel retreated to the hostels at the northern end of Khumalo Street.


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Look-out (1995)
Photograph / 700 x 560 mm
CCAC #0528

Child soldiers fighting in Mandela Section Self Defence Unit peer towards where their Inkatha enemies hold territory in Thokoza Township. Mandela Section, led by commander Bonga, was one of the most isolated areas of ANC turf abutting Thokoza's no-man's-land.

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